What Is A Two Pass Heat Exchanger?

What are the 4 types of heat transfer?

Various heat transfer mechanisms exist, including convection, conduction, thermal radiation, and evaporative cooling..

Shell and tube heat exchangers are the most common kind of heat exchangers used in the cooling of both liquids and gasses. They thank their popularity to their design flexibility allowing a wide variety of temperatures, pressures and mediums used.

How do you calculate the heat transfer area of a shell and tube heat exchanger?

4.0 – HEAT EXCHANGERS CALCULATIONS:The main basic Heat Exchanger equation is: Q = U x A x ΔTm =The log mean temperature difference ΔTm is: ΔTm =(T1 – t2) – (T2 – t1) = °F.T1 = Inlet tube side fluid temperature; t2 = Outlet shell side fluid temperature;ln (T1 – t2) (T2 – t1)

What is a two pass heat exchanger?

The tubes can also be straight, with one or two passes. In a single pass heat exchanger, the fluid goes into one end of a tube and out the other. In the two pass type the fluid enters and exit on the same side. Baffles can be installed to guide the flow through the shell sides.

What is the basic difference between 1 1 and 2/4 heat exchanger?

1–2 HX means 1 shell and 2 pass HX same with 2–4 HX as 2 shell and 4 pass. In a single shell HX the shell is horizontally divided into 2 segments where the tube inverts as a u-tube to pass from both the segments of the shell.

How do you calculate the efficiency of a shell and tube heat exchanger?

ΔTm = Log mean temperature difference (°C) (°F). And: Ct = Liquid specific heat, tube side (kJ/kg°K) (Btu/lb°F); Cs = Liquid specific heat, shell side (kJ/kg°K) (Btu/lb°F).

How do you create a shell and tube heat exchanger?

Most shell-and-tube heat exchangers are either 1, 2, or 4 pass designs on the tube side. This refers to the number of times the fluid in the tubes passes through the fluid in the shell. In a single pass heat exchanger, the fluid goes in one end of each tube and out the other.

What is the role of baffles in a shell and tube heat exchanger?

The main roles of a baffle in a shell and tube heat exchanger are to: Hold tubes in position (preventing sagging), both in production and operation. Prevent the effects of steam starvation, which is increased with both fluid velocity and the length of the exchanger. Direct shell-side fluid flow along tube field.

What is shell and tube type heat exchanger?

The most common type of heat exchanger is the shell-and-tube type illustrated in Figure 2. It utilizes a bundle of tubes through which one of the fluids flows. These tubes are enclosed in a shell with provisions for the other fluid to flow through the spaces between the tubes.

What is 2/4 shell and tube heat exchanger?

They are used to boil water recycled from a surface condenser into steam to drive a turbine to produce power. Most shell-and-tube heat exchangers are either 1, 2, or 4 pass designs on the tube side. This refers to the number of times the fluid in the tubes passes through the fluid in the shell.

What are the four important parts of shell and tube heat exchanger?

The shell and tube exchanger consists of four major parts:Front Header—this is where the fluid enters the tubeside of the exchanger. … Rear Header—this is where the tubeside fluid leaves the exchanger or where it is returned to the front header in exchangers with multiple tubeside passes.More items…

Why multi pass heat exchanger is used?

Multi-pass heat exchangers have fluids that pass each other more than once through the use of U tubes and baffles. Regenerative heat exchangers use the same fluid for heating and cooling. Non-regenerative heat exchangers use separate fluids for heating and cooling.