- What is the saturation region condition?
- Is VBE always 0.7 V?
- What is cut off and saturation region?
- What is active region?
- What is active region and saturation region?
- What is IC saturation?
- What is active mode in transistor?
- How do you tell if a transistor is on or off?
- What is the saturation voltage?
- How do you know if a transistor is in active mode?
- What is forward bias?
- What is reverse active region?
- What is quiescent operating point?
- Why VCE SAT is 0.2 V?
- How do you calculate IC saturation?
- What is active region in BJT?
- What is the cutoff region?
- What is the difference between a PNP and NPN transistor?
What is the saturation region condition?
Saturation region This is the region in which transistor tends to behave as a closed switch.
The transistor has the effect of its collector and Emitter being shorted.
The collector and Emitter currents are maximum in this mode of operation..
Is VBE always 0.7 V?
VBE is the voltage that falls between the base and emitter of a bipolar junction transistor. VBE is approximately 0.7V for a silicon transistor. For a germanium transistor (which is more rare), VBE is approximately 0.3V. Again, this formula, can be used for either silicon or germanium transistors.
What is cut off and saturation region?
In cutoff, the transistor appears as an open circuit between the collector and emitter terminals. In the circuit above, this implies Vout is equal to 10 volts. The second region is called “saturation”. This is where the base current has increased well beyond the point that the emitter-base junction is forward biased.
What is active region?
Active region This is also called as linear region. A transistor while in this region, acts better as an Amplifier. This region lies between saturation and cutoff. The transistor operates in active region when the emitter junction is forward biased and collector junction is reverse biased.
What is active region and saturation region?
The region between cut off and saturation is known as active region. In the active region, collector-base junction remains reverse biased while base-emitter junction remains forward biased.
What is IC saturation?
When the transistor operates in the Saturation then the voltage between collector and emitter terminal (Vce) is very low (typically it is 0.1 to 0.2 V), and the collector current Ic is maximum. Steps to Identify the Saturation in BJT : 1) Calculate the Ic(sat), the collector current in the saturation. (
What is active mode in transistor?
Typically we want to have a transistor to operate in what is called active mode. Active mode is when the Base-Emitter junction is forward biased and the Base-Collector Junction is Reverse biased. For the npn this means that the Base has a higher potential than the Emitter and a lower potential than the collector.
How do you tell if a transistor is on or off?
To find out which mode a PNP transistor is in, reverse all of the < and > signs. For example, to put a PNP into saturation VC and VE must be higher than VB. You pull the base low to turn the PNP on, and make it higher than the collector and emitter to turn it off.
What is the saturation voltage?
saturation voltage, collector-emitter (VCE(sat)) The voltage between the collector and emitter terminals under conditions of base current or base-emitter voltage beyond which the collector current remains essentially constant as the base current or voltage is increased. (Ref.
How do you know if a transistor is in active mode?
To operate in active mode, a transistor’s VBE must be greater than zero and VBC must be negative. Thus, the base voltage must be less than the collector, but greater than the emitter. That also means the collector must be greater than the emitter.
What is forward bias?
Forward biasing means putting a voltage across a diode that allows current to flow easily, while reverse biasing means putting a voltage across a diode in the opposite direction.
What is reverse active region?
Just as saturation is the opposite of cutoff, reverse active mode is the opposite of active mode. A transistor in reverse active mode conducts, even amplifies, but current flows in the opposite direction, from emitter to collector. The downside to reverse active mode is the β (βR in this case) is much smaller.
What is quiescent operating point?
The operating point of a device, also known as a bias point, quiescent point or Q-point, is the steady-state DC voltage or current at a specified terminal of an active device such as a transistor with no input signal applied.
Why VCE SAT is 0.2 V?
Because the charge carriers injected from the base effectively eliminate the depletion zone between the collector and emitter. The collector current doesn’t have to overcome the P-N junction potential because the base current has neutralized it.
How do you calculate IC saturation?
Therefore Ic= a*Ie and Ic= B*Ib. Therefore Ic(saturation)<=aIe and Ic(saturation)<=BIb. And the corresponding saturation voltages are, Vbe(sat)= 0.8 volts, Vce(sat)= 0.2 volts, Vcb(sat)= -0.6 volts.
What is active region in BJT?
Active region is one in which Base emitter junction is forward biased and Base Collector junction will be reverse biased in a transistor. In NPN transistor when you bias it in active region the currents flowing through it will be as follows. [/ezcol_2third_end] The currents flowing through the three terminals of BJT …
What is the cutoff region?
Whenever we observe the terminals of a BJT and see that the emitter-base junction is not at least 0.6-0.7 volts, the transistor is in the cutoff region. In cutoff, the transistor appears as an open circuit between the collector and emitter terminals.
What is the difference between a PNP and NPN transistor?
The main difference between the NPN and PNP transistor is, an NPN transistor turns on when the current flows through the base of the transistor. In this type of transistor, the current flows from the collector (C) to the emitter (E). A PNP transistor turns ON, when there is no current at the base of the transistor.