Question: What Is The Working Principle Of Condenser?

How does a refrigeration condenser work?

Inside the condenser, the refrigerant vapor is compressed and forced through a heat exchange coil, condensing it into a liquid and rejecting the heat previously absorbed from the cool indoor area.

The condenser’s heat exchanger is generally cooled by a fan blowing outside air through it..

How do evaporators work?

The evaporator works the opposite of the condenser, here refrigerant liquid is converted to gas, absorbing heat from the air in the compartment. … This causes the refrigerant to absorb heat from the warm air and reach its low boiling point rapidly. The refrigerant then vaporizes, absorbing the maximum amount of heat.

What is condenser and its function?

The function of the condenser in a refrigeration system is to transfer heat from the refrigerant to another medium, such as air and/or water. By rejecting heat, the gaseous refrigerant condenses to liquid inside the condenser. The major types of condensers used are (1) water-cooled, (2) air-cooled, and (3) evaporative.

What is difference between condenser and compressor?

The main difference between the compressor and condenser is indicated by their names, respectively. In a nutshell, the compressor compresses and the condenser condenses. … Keep in mind, the refrigerant is a gas as it travels through the compressor – still a gas, yet slightly altered in order to be made into liquid vapor.

Why vacuum is maintained in condenser?

The removal of air and other noncondensable gases from the condenser shell side is required for proper heat transfer from steam to cooling water in the condenser and, thus, to maintain high vacuum in the condenser.

How do I know if my condenser is bad?

If your AC condenser is about to experience failure, you may notice one of the following warning signs:Loud and abnormal noises coming from the unit.Significantly reduced cooling capability from the unit.The unit is leaking a noticeable amount of fluid past the typical amount of condensation.

What are the type of condenser?

There are three types of condensers: air cooled, water cooled and evaporative.

What is the purpose of vacuum condenser?

The function of the condenser is to condense the steam coming from the turbine exhaust. A high vacuum is maintained to extract steam and then cooled vis-a-vis condensed through an exchange of heat with the cooling water from a separate source.

Which AC compressor is best?

If you are looking for an Air Conditioner for your home or office with small space, the reciprocating compressor is the best choice for you. For cooling a large space with regular continuous working for long hours, look for an AC with a rotary compressor.

How do you calculate condenser capacity?

Condenser capacities (for 60 Hz) are located in Table 4. These capacities are given in MBH/°TD. Convert the THR calculated in step 2 to MBH/°F TD by dividing by 1,000 to get THR in MBH. Then divide the THR by the design TD to get MBH/°F TD.

How do you make a condenser?

A. Overall design procedureDetermine suitable types of condensers. … Determine the heat load.Select the coolant temperatures and calculate an overall logarithmic mean temperature difference.Estimate an overall coefficient from Table 1 or by prior experience using estimated individual coefficients.Calculate the area.More items…

What is the basic principle of refrigeration?

The absorption of the amount of heat necessary for the change of state from a liquid to a vapor by evaporation, and the release of that amount of heat necessary for the change of state from a vapor back to the liquid by condensation are the main principles of the refrigeration process, or cycle.

How does a surface condenser work?

A surface condenser is a commonly used term for a water-cooled shell and tube heat exchanger installed to condense exhaust steam from a steam turbine in thermal power stations. These condensers are heat exchangers which convert steam from its gaseous to its liquid state at a pressure below atmospheric pressure.

What is difference between evaporator and condenser?

While the evaporator coil picks up heat from indoor air, the condenser coil releases heat into outdoor air. The load of heat energy extracted from your home and compressed in hot refrigerant vapor is rapidly released when refrigerant circulates into the coil and condenses to liquid.

Why do we use condenser?

A condenser is designed to transfer heat from a working fluid (e.g. water in a steam power plant) to a secondary fluid or the surrounding air. The condenser relies on the efficient heat transfer that occurs during phase changes, in this case during the condensation of a vapor into a liquid.

What are the three types of compressors?

The three most common air compressors are the reciprocating, rotary screw and centrifugal. Reciprocating air compressors are considered positive displacement machines, which means they increase the pressure of the air by reducing its volume.

How many types of compressors are there?

The four most common types of air compressors you will see are: Rotary Screw Compressor. Reciprocating Air Compressor. Axial Compressor.

What is a condenser fin?

Compressor fins are located on the outdoor portion of an air conditioner near the compressor is something that looks like a grill with metal fins all along it. These air conditioner fins are a part of the condenser that assists heat in moving away from the air conditioner so that the heat disperses more quickly.